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Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

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    EMODnet Chemistry aims to provide access to marine chemistry data sets and derived data products concerning eutrophication, ocean acidification and contaminants. The chemicals chosen reflect importance to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). This regional aggregated dataset contains all unrestricted EMODnet Chemistry data on contaminants (20 parameters), and covers the Arctic Ocean with 548 CDI records divided per matrices: 235 water profiles, 313 sediment profiles. Vertical profiles temporal range is from 1974-03-25 to 2015-06-15. Data were aggregated and quality controlled by ‘Institute of Marine Research - Norwegian Marine Data Centre (NMD)’ from Norway. Regional datasets concerning contaminants are automatically harvested. Parameter names in these datasets are based on P01, BODC Parameter Usage Vocabulary, which is available at: http://seadatanet.maris2.nl/bandit/browse_step.php . Each measurement value has a quality flag indicator. The resulting data collections for each Sea Basin are harmonised, and the collections are quality controlled by EMODnet Chemistry Regional Leaders using ODV Software and following a common methodology for all Sea Regions. Harmonisation means that: (1) unit conversion is carried out to express contaminant concentrations with a limited set of measurement units (according to EU directives 2013/39/UE; Comm. Dec. EU 2017/848) and (2) merging of variables described by different “local names” ,but corresponding exactly to the same concepts in BODC P01 vocabulary. The harmonised dataset can be downloaded as ODV spreadsheet (TXT file), which is composed of metadata header followed by tab separated values. This worksheet can be imported to ODV Software for visualisation (More information can be found at: https://www.seadatanet.org/Software/ODV ). The same dataset is offered also as XLSX file in a long/vertical format, in which each P01 measurement is a record line. Additionally, there are a series of columns that split P01 terms in subcomponents (measure, substance, CAS number, matrix...).This transposed format is more adapted to worksheet applications users (e.g. LibreOffice Calc). The 20 parameter names in this metadata record are based on P02, SeaDataNet Parameter Discovery Vocabulary, which is available at: http://seadatanet.maris2.nl/v_bodc_vocab_v2/vocab_relations.asp?lib=P02 . Detailed documentation will be published soon. The original datasets can be searched and downloaded from EMODnet Chemistry Download Service: https://emodnet-chemistry.maris.nl/search

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body dissolved oxygen concentration in the Baltic Sea. Four seasons (March-May, June-August, September-November, December-February). Every year of the time dimension corresponds to a 6-year centred average. Periods span between 1980-1985 and 2013-2018. Analyses for depths (m) (HELCOM standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 125, 150, 175, 200, 225, 250, 275, 300. Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool. GEBCO Grid (30 arc-seconds) topography is used for the contouring preparation. Files contain analysed fields, error fields and combined field with the deepest value for each grid point selected. Also pre-masked fields using relative error threshold 0.3 and 0.5 are included. In the analyses the Correlation length in the horizontal direction were fixed to 80 km and in the vertical direction to 25 m. Signal to noise ratio were fixed to 1.0. Background fields were created using data for the given time period and season. Log transformation was used in the analyses. No detrending, advection constraints or weighting are applied. Unit is umol/l.

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body phosphate in the Baltic Sea. Four seasons (March-May, June-August, September-November, December-February). Every year of the time dimension corresponds to a 6-year centred average. Periods span between 1980-1985 and 2013-2018. Analyses for depths (m) (HELCOM standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 125, 150, 175, 200, 225, 250, 275, 300. Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool. GEBCO Grid (30 arc-seconds) topography is used for the contouring preparation. Files contain analysed fields, error fields and combined field with the deepest value for each grid point selected. Also pre-masked fields using relative error threshold 0.3 and 0.5 are included. In the analyses the Correlation length in the horizontal direction were fixed to 80 km and in the vertical direction to 25 m. Signal to noise ratio were fixed to 1.0. Background fields were created using data for the given time period and season. Log transformation was used in the analyses. No detrending, advection constraints or weighting are applied. Unit is umol/l.

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body dissolved oxygen concentration in the Arctic Ocean, for each season in the period 1965-2017. Every year of the time dimension corresponds to the 6-year centered average for each season. Winter: December-February, Spring: March-May, Summer: June-August, Autumn: September-November. Depth range (IODE standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, ..., 1500, 1750, 2000, 2500m. Units: umol/l. Description of DIVA analysis: The computation was done with the DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis in n dimensions), version 2.6.6, using GEBCO 30sec topography for the spatial connectivity of water masses. The horizontal resolution of the produced DIVAnd maps grids is 0.1 degrees. Signal-to-noise ratio was fixed to 2.0, horizontal correlation length to 100 km, and vertical correlation length varying between 25 and 200 m. Logarithmic transformation is applied to the data prior to the analysis. Background field: the data mean value is subtracted from the data.

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body phosphate in the Arctic Ocean, for each season in the period 1965-2017. Every year of the time dimension corresponds to the 6-year centered average for each season. Winter: December-February, Spring: March-May, Summer: June-August, Autumn: September-November. Depth range (IODE standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, ..., 1500, 1750, 2000, 2500m. Units: umol/l. Description of DIVA analysis: The computation was done with the DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis in n dimensions), version 2.6.6, using GEBCO 30sec topography for the spatial connectivity of water masses. The horizontal resolution of the produced DIVAnd maps grids is 0.1 degrees. Signal-to-noise ratio was fixed to 2.0, horizontal correlation length to 100 km, and vertical correlation length varying between 25 and 200 m. Logarithmic transformation is applied to the data prior to the analysis. Background field: the data mean value is subtracted from the data.

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body silicate in the Arctic Ocean, for each season in the period 1965-2017. Every year of the time dimension corresponds to the 6-year centered average for each season. Winter: December-February, Spring: March-May, Summer: June-August, Autumn: September-November. Depth range (IODE standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, ..., 1500, 1750, 2000, 2500m. Units: umol/l. Description of DIVA analysis: The computation was done with the DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis in n dimensions), version 2.6.6, using GEBCO 30sec topography for the spatial connectivity of water masses. The horizontal resolution of the produced DIVAnd maps grids is 0.1 degrees. Signal-to-noise ratio was fixed to 2.0, horizontal correlation length to 100 km, and vertical correlation length varying between 25 and 200 m. Logarithmic transformation is applied to the data prior to the analysis. Background field: the data mean value is subtracted from the data.

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    Moving 6-year analysis of Water body dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in the Baltic Sea. Four seasons (March-May, June-August, September-November, December-February). Every year of the time dimension corresponds to a 6-year centred average. Periods span between 1980-1985 and 2013-2018. Analyses for depths (m) (HELCOM standard depths): 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 125, 150, 175, 200, 225, 250, 275, 300. Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool. GEBCO Grid (30 arc-seconds) topography is used for the contouring preparation. Files contain analysed fields, error fields and combined field with the deepest value for each grid point selected. Also pre-masked fields using relative error threshold 0.3 and 0.5 are included. In the analyses the Correlation length in the horizontal direction were fixed to 80 km and in the vertical direction to 25 m. Signal to noise ratio were fixed to 1.0. Background fields were created using data for the given time period and season. Log transformation was used in the analyses. No detrending, advection constraints or weighting are applied. Unit is umol/l.

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    Moving 6-year analysis and visualization of Water body silicate in the North Sea, four seasons: winter (dec-feb), spring (mar-may), summer (jun-aug), autumn (sep-nov). Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool, version 2.7.2. results were subjected to the minfield option in DIVAnd to avoid negative/underestimated values in the interpolated results; error threshold masks L1 (0.3) and L2 (0.5) are included as well as the unmasked field. The depth dimension allows visualizing the gridded field at various depths.

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    Moving 6-year analysis and visualization of Water body phosphate in the North Sea, four seasons: winter (dec-feb), spring (mar-may), summer (jun-aug), autumn (sep-nov). Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool, version 2.7.2. results were subjected to the minfield option in DIVAnd to avoid negative/underestimated values in the interpolated results; error threshold masks L1 (0.3) and L2 (0.5) are included as well as the unmasked field. The depth dimension allows visualizing the gridded field at various depths.

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    Moving 6-year analysis and visualization of Water body dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in the North Sea, four seasons: winter (dec-feb), spring (mar-may), summer (jun-aug), autumn (sep-nov). Data Sources: observational data from SeaDataNet/EMODnet Chemistry Data Network. Description of DIVA analysis: Geostatistical data analysis by DIVAnd (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) tool, version 2.7.2. results were subjected to the minfield option in DIVAnd to avoid negative/underestimated values in the interpolated results; error threshold masks L1 (0.3) and L2 (0.5) are included as well as the unmasked field. The depth dimension allows visualizing the gridded field at various depths.