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Energy, Climate change, Environment

Windfarm Siting


The scope of this challenge was to check the fitness for use of available marine data sets to determine the suitability* of sites** for offshore wind farm development in the Black Sea, or to indicate gaps in the EU data collection framework during the time period specified below.

* The suitability of sites should also determine whether a floating or fixed wind farm would be more appropriate.
** Three areas have been spotted by DG MARE:
        – on the border between Bulgarian and Romanian waters
        – on the border between Turkish and Bulgarian waters
        – on the border between Turkish and Georgian waters.

This activity of the EU BlackSea checkpoint project (DG MARE contract n° EASME/EMFF/2014/ was executed during the 2015-2018 period of time. The methodology used was identical for all challenges:

  • Production of a literature survey to identify state of the art activities related to the use case and clarify the landscape of monitoring data covering the BlackSea,
  • Specification of needs for production and realisation of the product,
  • Evaluation of the adequacy of monitoring data, that is the availability and appropriateness.

The team participating in the challenge was:

  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, NKUA, Greece (Leader)
  • Institute of Оceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, IO-BAS, Bulgaria
  • National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”, NIMRD, Romania
  • Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, USOF, Bulgaria


Three products have been worked out to meet DG MARE request. The products are listed and accessible from the table given below. All products are representative of the March 2018 status.


Number Name and  Specification of product Access to product Confidence limits
Product 01 A high resolution wind-wave-tides database for the Black Sea area By contacting the providing institute: Prof. George Kallos University of Athens Department of Physics, Atmospheric Modeling and Weather Forecasting Group University Campus Bldg Phys-5, 15784 Athens, Greece Tel. +30-210-7276835, Fax. +30-210-7276765, Cell Phone +30-6944544325 E-mail:,, Web: Good: The product meets more than 50% of the objectives specified by the challenge (see our appropriateness criteria, at the bottom of the page) to get a full description, quality information, and citation.
Product 02 Assessment of the available database GIS viewing


Download our Assessment of the confidence limits

Excellent: The product meets well the objectives specified by the challenge (see our appropriateness criteria) to get a full description, quality information, and citation.
Product 03 Assessment of the confidence limits of the data sets for the test regions

Download our Assessment of the confidence limits


Very good: The product meets more than 70% of the objectives specified by the challenge (see our appropriateness criteria, at the bottom of the page) to get a full description, quality information, and citation.


Required inputs

  • A variety of factors are considered important for wind farm siting, even if one of the factors makes this a no-go scenario. These factors include the natural resources data that can be used to define the energy potential of the area together with local climatic characteristics, the intense anthropogenic activities, biodiversity and sediment characteristics that may affect the installation of wind turbines in the areas of interest.
  • Discover here the three groups of characteristics and the related environmental domains, Air and Marine Waters, as well as the various data providers.

Checkpoint results

  • Read our expert evaluation report to get feedback on the appropriateness of upstream data used in product realization,
  • And read integrated reports to find all assessment feedback on the project checkpoint
    • The Literature Survey: to discover all upstream data and possible uses
    • The first Data Adequacy Report to get feedback on the stress test on availability* of all referenced data sets
    • The second Data Adequacy Report for full feedback on availability and appropriateness of all used data sets, of all challenges.

Use limitation and reference

The EMODnet Black Sea Checkpoint practical outputs are the results of the assessment exercise carried out by the so-called “challenges” specified by the call for tenders n° MARE/2014/09 aimed at determining how well the input data from the observing and monitoring systems existing at the sea basin scale fit the user needs to develop them.

This product and any resultant data produced is a consequence of these tests and provided on an “as is” basis. The information contained in the data products and in the descriptions (metadata) of the input data and of the data products making use of them is believed to be trustworthy. However, its completeness, consistency, accuracy, and usability cannot be guaranteed. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure its reliability within the limits of present knowledge, no responsibility can be accepted by those involved in its compilation or publication for any consequential loss or damage arising from its use.

The producer disclaims any and all warranties, conditions, or representations (express, implied, oral or written), relating to the Product or any part thereof, including, without limitation, any and all implied warranties of quality, performance, suitability or fitness for a particular purpose to the full extent permitted by law. The Producer accepts no liability for loss suffered or incurred as a result of reliance on the Product or any output of its use. The Producer shall not be liable for any economic loss, loss of profit, loss of business or contract, depletion of goodwill or otherwise, in each case whether direct, or indirect or any indirect loss whatsoever (howsoever caused) including loss or damage suffered as a result of an action brought by any person which arise out of or in connection with the use of the Product or inability to use the Product.